### Uniform gravitational force

The gravitational force acting on a mass is called **weight**. Weight always acts vertically down and its magnitude is directly proportional to the mass.

where *g* is the gravitational field strength on the Earth’s surface. Gravitational field strength of a point is the gravitational force acting on a unit mass at that point.

The SI unit of gravitational field strength is .

On the Earth’s surface, the gravitational field is uniform and its direction is vertically down. A uniform field is represented by parallel field lines. A mass placed anywhere in a uniform field experiences the same gravitational force.

The direction of the gravitational field indicates the direction of the force acting on a mass placed in the field.

When a mass is thrown vertically upward, its initial velocity is *v*. At its maximum height, its velocity is . It then falls and its velocity reaches *v* in the downward direction.

#### Challenge 1

What are the values of acceleration at point A, B and C?